Medicine (Tuning Latin America II)

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List of Subject-Specific Competences

1. Capacity to create a medical record.
2. Capacity to perform a complete anamnesis in any situation, with emphasis on the psychosocial and environmental aspects affecting people’s health.
3. Capacity to perform a complete physical examination including an assessment of the patient’s mental state.
4. Capacity to perform a syndromatic diagnosis and formulate diagnostic hypotheses taking into account the information from the case history, the results of the physical examination and prevalent diseases.
5. Capacity to consider differential diagnoses.
6. Capacity to select, indicate and interpret diagnostic tests.
7. Capacity to indicate and perform the corresponding medical treatments.
8. Capacity to refer the patient to another level of attention.
9. Capacity to recognise, assess and categorise medical emergencies.
10. Capacity to cope with the initial phase of a medical emergency.
11. Capacity to provide first aid.
12. Capacity to provide basic life support and cardiac/cerebral/pulmonary resuscitation.
13. Capacity to provide advanced life support.
14. Capacity to provide care to patients suffering trauma.
15. Capacity to select the most appropriate drugs based on the clinical context.
16. Capacity to prescribe clearly, precisely and safely.
17. Capacity to recognise and cope with adverse circumstances.
18. Capacity to communicate effectively in speech, in writing and in non-verbal form taking into account diversity and destructions that may hinder communication, with: patients, next-of-kin, the healthcare team and the community.
19. Capacity to communicate the nature and severity of the ailment.
20. Capacity to obtain informal consent as appropriate.
21. Capacity to assess for signs of life.
22. Capacity to perform venous puncture.
23. Capacity to perform venous cannulation.
24. Capacity to administer drugs through different paths.
25. Capacity to perform orotracheal intubation and basic life support.
26. Capacity to fit catheters.
27. Capacity to perform ostomy care.
28. Capacity to perform suprapubic puncture.
29. Capacity to perform thoracocentesis, paracentesis and lumbar puncture.
30. Capacity to perform an ECG.
31. Capacity to attend to a normal childbirth.
32. Capacity to perform speculoscopy, vaginal examination and cervical smears.
33. Capacity to perform rectal examination.
34. Capacity to perform anterior nasal packing.
35. Capacity to perform emergency haemostatic manoeuvres to stem external bleeding.
36. Capacity to make sutures, dress wounds and drain abscesses.
37. Capacity to move, immobilise and transport patients.
38. Capacity to identify psychological factors (stress, dependency on and abuse of alcohol, narcotics and tobacco).
39. Capacity to identify social factors (violence, accidents, mistreatment, abuse, marginalization, discrimination).
40. Capacity to identify economic factors (poverty, inequality).
41. Capacity to identify environmental factors (pollution, climate, destruction of the ecosystem).
42. Capacity to analyse critically the scientific literature.
43. Capacity to apply a statistical analysis of the information.
44. Capacity to perform evidence-based medicine.
45. Capacity to use computers.
46. Capacity to access sources of information.
47. Capacity to store medical records in complete and secure form.
48. Capacity to apply ethical principles and analyses in clinical practice.
49. Capacity to obtain and record informal consent.
50. Capacity to maintain confidentiality.
51. Capacity to respect diversity.
52. Capacity to respect the rights of the patient, the healthcare team and the community.
53. Capacity to respect and provide care for terminal patients.
54. Capacity to issue certificates in accordance with statutory requirements.
55. Capacity to report notifiable diseases.
56. Capacity to recognise the structure and workings of the health system.
57. Capacity to administer and manage the different health systems for the population.
58. Capacity to participate effectively and actively in the healthcare team and in the community.
59. Capacity to recognise and apply the country’s healthcare policies and programmes.
60. Capacity to recognise and manage resources for healthcare.
61. Capacity to recognise the epidemiological profile of the population.
62. Capacity to recognise and apply the principles of health promotion and disease prevention.
63. Capacity to know, apply, and respect rules on biosafety.


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